- Raspberry Pi AKA Raspbian
- Ubuntu Server
- Kali Linux
- Ubuntu Desktop
- Windows 10 (Windows on Raspberry)
What is Raspberry Pi?
The Raspberry Pi is a small, stripped-down computer that can be used to perform many of the basic activities that a computer can perform.
You may use it to browse the internet, play games, and even watch HD videos (though you will need a display to do so).
The Raspberry Pi is now available in nine distinct variants, with the costliest costing $55 and the cheapest costing only $5.
The models differ in terms of SoC type, speed, RAM, number of USB ports, and Ethernet, WI-Fi, and Bluetooth capabilities.
Raspberry Pi 4
When paired with a suitable power supply, the Pi 4 can also be powered via a USB-C connector, allowing additional power to be delivered to downstream peripherals.
Third-party e-marked USB cables, such as those used on Apple MacBooks, mistakenly identify the Raspberry Pi 4 board and refuse to deliver power due to a design defect.
Tom’s Hardware is a store that sells hardware. They tested 14 different cables and discovered that 11 of them turned on and powered the Pi without a hitch. The design flaw was fixed in the board’s revision 1.2, which was released in late 2019.
Uses of Raspberry Pi 4
If you are planning to have an additional facility to monitor and control your 3D printer remotely, then you must think of buying a Raspberry Pi 4 and installing OctoPrint on it.
Raspberry Pi 4, being the latest generation of Raspberry Pi Computers, is in the form of an electronic credit card capable of performing tasks such as:
- Setting up a retro gaming machine
- Building game servers
- Controlling robots and other hardware devices such as 3D printers.
- Building a Raspberry Pi Web Server
- Creating a Twitter bot
- Building a network monitoring tool
- Streaming PC games
- Making time-lapse videos etc
For more information, here is How to Use Raspberry PI to Remotely Control Your 3D Printer
OS for Raspberry Pi 4
Following are some of the best-operating systems for Raspberry Pi 4
This simple and free operating system is popular among Raspberry Pi users all over the world. They are well-known for their contributions to Kodi, a multimedia platform for Raspberry Pi.
Although the OSMC image is officially installed via a simple Mac or Windows installer, you can download and flash the OSMC image directly to your SD card. OSMC makes it extremely simple and efficient to play or stream video from a variety of sources.
While the setup process is straightforward, the wiki on their website is somewhat limited, and you may need to rely on the community for specific answers.
Their flagship device includes a Raspberry Pi 4, allowing them to support video resolutions up to 4k.
When it comes to using Raspberry Pi boards as media center devices, this is one of the best Raspberry Pi OSes that you can recommend.
Raspberry Pi AKA Raspbian
The developer created this first and most well-known software for the Raspberry Pi 4. The Raspberry Pi’s developer can be trusted, and the software runs flawlessly on the system.
It is as simple as going to the website and downloading the installer for your operating system. Choose your system specs, and the software will write them to an SD card for you.
It includes a number of tools for education, programming, and general use. Python, Scratch, Sonic Pi, Java, and several other important packages are included.
Raspbian is originally based on Debian.
The operating system, formerly known as Raspbian, has been updated and now allows you to do more than ever before. It is a full desktop package that is ideal for people who want a portable computer to handle all of their daily tasks.
If you are intending on using your Raspberry Pi as a server for your project, Ubuntu Server is an excellent option to install.
Ubuntu Server runs flawlessly on the Raspberry Pi 4 and is a fantastic all-around operating system for all of your day-to-day operations. On the Ubuntu server, you can surf the web, send emails, and even shop.
It is not only a terrific system to use, but it has also been around for a long time. That gives you the assurance that the OS is well-liked and praised.
The OS is available in both 32-bit and 64-bit versions. You can also install the same, depending on what board you have (if it supports 64-bit).
It is worth mentioning, though, that Ubuntu Server is not designed for desktop use. As a result, you should be aware that by default, you will not have a full graphical user interface installed.
Although Ubuntu Server appears to belong in the same category as Ubuntu Desktop, it is optimized to run applications without a desktop user interface, therefore it caters to more particular projects and uses cases.
If you are working on a Raspberry Pi 4 project and want to use the smaller 2.5 GB installation size while still having access to the software libraries made available by the APT and Snap command-line utilities, Ubuntu Server is a wonderful place to start.
While Ubuntu Server does not come with many frills, it does have the tools that tech-savvy users need to get their projects up and running quickly.
Overall, the Ubuntu Server community is well-established, and you can count on them to answer your questions if you get stuck or need assistance with a particular component of your setup. Keep in mind that not all online material pertains to the Ubuntu Server ARM editions.
Retropie is a popular distribution for turning your Raspberry Pi 4 into a vintage gaming console.
It is based on the Raspberry Pi operating system and allows you to play older PC and N64 games.
Retropie makes it simple to get started and play your favorite games thanks to its simple setup and user-friendly UI.
RetroPie is not an operating system in and of itself, but it sits on top of your existing OS. When connecting Raspbian or the latest Raspberry Pi OS, it does this incredibly effectively.
RetroPie is unique in that it has also built hardware for the Raspberry Pi. You can use the hardware to attach a variety of retro game controllers to your system.
OctoPi is a Linux distribution designed exclusively for 3D printer enthusiasts and owners. Its most notable features are OctoPrint pre-installed and automatic compatibility for cameras and the Raspberry Pi 4 camera.
Because OctoPi is based on popular open-source projects, finding particular help outside of posting a bug in the main GitHub issue tracker may be difficult (and the Raspberry Pi OS). You could have more luck searching within those communities.
The setup instructions for OctoPi are limited to the project’s main GitHub page and what is available in the OctoPrint project.
OctoPi is specifically tuned to have stable and fast performance with the Raspberry Pi 4, but the setup instructions are limited to the project’s main GitHub page and what’s available in the OctoPrint project.
If you are new to flashing Linux or other operating systems to the Raspberry Pi, watch a tutorial to get a better understanding of the procedure.
RISC OS, developed by Acorn in the late 1980s, differs significantly from the other operating systems on this list. It is a native ARM operating system that is not dependent on any other OS, resulting in a simple, efficient, bare-bones operating system.
While there are several methods for flashing Risk OS onto an SD card, users must be aware of the unique nature of this desktop OS in order to adjust to its distinct UI and file system structure. Because of the more complex appeal of this OS, a small community of support and assistance was formed.
If you want to try RISC OS, you can do so by visiting its download page. RISC OS images for popular ARM computers such as the Raspberry Pi, Beagle Board, and others are available. You can find installation and usage documentation on raspberrypi.org.
Kali Linux is a free and open-source security-focused operating system that comes with advanced tools for network performance analysis and security testing.
It comes in multiple versions, all of which are designed to run on the Raspberry Pi, and users can take advantage of its forensics and reverse engineering tools. It requires at least an 8 GB SD card for installation.
It is available in 32-bit and 64-bit architectures and is one of the most feature-rich operating systems on this list, with numerous pre-installed tools.
The Kali Linux community is incredible, offering help and advice on anything from how to install Kali to how to alter the ISO file.
More instructions, including downloads, can be found on GitHub to help you get the most out of your Raspberry Pi 4. This operating system can turn your Raspberry Pi into a vulnerability testing tool.
Because it features a less austere user interface than Raspberry Pi OS, Ubuntu Desktop is a popular introduction to Linux for people who are new to the platform.
This comes at the expense of performance and storage capacity, which are necessary to take advantage of the improved capabilities of the desktop interface.
Ubuntu Desktop comes with easy-to-follow installation instructions as well as a graphical setup menu to help you get started.
Ubuntu has a large user base that spans a variety of hardware platforms, resulting in a friendly and helpful community. Remember that Ubuntu’s FAQ section has years of questions and answers that may or may not apply to the Raspberry Pi.
From the start, the Lakka OS team makes flashing their lightweight retro game OS onto an SD card for your Raspberry Pi 4 simple and straightforward. Lakka, like RetroPie, uses the RetroArch emulator front end to imitate over 50 consoles.
Because Lakka is built on the fast LibreELEC OS, users may expect a more streamlined, higher frame rate experience than RetroPie, but at the cost of less customization and fewer added features.
The microSD card must be formatted using Host OS (Linux, macOS, or Windows), or it can be installed using NOOBS. On the initial boot, the setup completes in the background and requires a restart. It is ideal for those who require a portable Windows device.
This software can be used in a variety of settings, including offices and media centers, to help you reach your goals.
Windows 10 (Windows on Raspberry)
It is relatively simple to install on a Windows or Linux operating system. The procedure is downloading an ISO file of the operating system you want to run and allowing Windows on Raspberry to handle the installation.
It is available to customers who legally hold a spare copy of Windows 10, need users to download a copy of their Windows 10 ARM image before executing the installation tutorial.
When it comes to getting the Windows 10 ARM image, the documentation is a little thin, leaving consumers to figure out what is best for them. Users who are unwilling to research or read documentation may want to avoid this choice due to this relatively perplexing prerequisite for the setup process.
Once you have your Windows 10 image, the Windows on Raspberry software provides a simple flashing method that allows customers to run the Windows 10 installation wizard on first boot.
Although Windows 10 is one of the most widely used operating systems on the planet, the software you can use is limited since not all programs operate with the ARM edition of Windows 10. It also demands a huge microSD card with at least 8 GB of free space to install. It is also a good idea to get a Pi 4 with extra RAM.
This Linux-based operating system is ideal for installing Kodi on your Raspberry Pi. Kodi is a media center that lets you watch your favorite TV shows and movies in a variety of ways.
LibreELEC‘s system is focused on the essentials, and as a result, it consumes very little system resources. This allows you to view movies and stream without having to worry about slowness or buffering.
Linutop OS is an open-source operating system that may be used to create a low-maintenance signboard or online kiosk.
It necessitates the use of a host operating system (Linux and Windows are both officially supported) to format the microSD card. On the initial boot, a graphical wizard completes the setup process.
It will cost you around $100 when you finish the demo version, making it one of the few paid operating systems on this list. Linutop fills a niche nicely, however it should not be considered unless you need to display information safely in a public context.
Linutop does not appear to have a huge online community. Furthermore, the company’s website does not specify what kind of assistance users can expect after purchasing the OS.
RaspBSD is a preloaded image of FreeBSD 11 for Raspberry Pi computers that is free and open-source.
If you did not know, FreeBSD is not Linux, but it operates in a similar fashion. It is a descendant of the Berkeley Software Distribution’s research, and it is one of the world’s most widely used Operating Systems today, with its code present in game consoles such as the PlayStation 4, macOS, and others. You can download the image from this website.
OpenMediaVault is a wonderful alternative if you want to create a network drive quickly and cheaply.
OpenMediaVault is a Debian-based NAS system that includes SMB, SSH, FTP, NFS, and other services.
OpenMediaVault is a plug-and-play solution that anyone may set up at home or in a small office.
It performs admirably on the Raspberry Pi. To boost capacity and save all types of files (videos, backups, etc.), you can add a larger SD card or an external hard drive.
Something like Sunfounder’s NAS Kit would be the finest accessory for that kind of server. Everything you will need to run a file server on a Raspberry Pi is included in this package.
Another thing to keep in mind is that OpenMediaVault can benefit from a variety of plug-ins.
Even if you do not want to use a NAS, this solution allows you to run most of the services on your Raspberry Pi.
For example, you may use OpenMediaVault’s online interface to install the Nginx and MySQL plug-ins and create a web server with a simple configuration.
On Sourceforge, you can find the OpenMediaVault image for Raspberry Pi (the latest system images are compatible with Raspberry Pi 4)
Things to Consider
Even the most feature-rich, user-friendly, and well-supported operating systems can be inconvenient, causing your Pi 4 to be slow or unreliable in everyday use. Users must have a solid and quick experience when using high-performance operating systems.
Operating systems are extremely complicated and can experience a wide range of problems throughout their use. Strong community assistance can assist you in quickly navigating technical difficulties without having to format your operating system and move to another operating system.
Easy to Use
Having an operating system with straightforward installation instructions and good documentation is by far one of the most critical criteria for new users. Interacting with the operating system via the user interface or the command line should also be as simple as possible.
A good OS should give users access to all of the Pi 4’s features while also adding functionality not available in the official Raspberry Pi OS.
Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
What is the most popular Raspberry Pi operating system?
Raspbian is the official operating system for the Raspberry Pi. Raspbian is Raspberry Pi’s official operating system. It comes pre-loaded with a number of educational, programming, and general-purpose tools.
What is Raspberry Pi’s default operating system?
Debian, a Linux distribution, is the Raspberry Pi’s default operating system.
Which operating system is better for the Raspberry Pi?
Raspbian. It is a Debian-based operating system designed specifically for the Raspberry Pi and is the ideal general-purpose operating system for Raspberry Pi users.
Is it possible to run Windows on a Raspberry Pi 4?
The Raspberry Pi 4 will be able to run Microsoft’s next operating system, according to the bombardment of Windows 11 news.
Cool Raspberry Pi Projects
Awesome Raspberry Pi Zero W Projects to Try
This concludes this article, which was written to help you learn about the best-operating systems for the Raspberry Pi 4.
We are sure there is a slew of other Raspberry Pi-friendly operating systems out there. However, we have tried to highlight the most popular or useful ones that are updated on a regular basis.
Raspberry Pi OS (formerly Raspbian) is a Unix-like operating system based on the Debian Linux distribution for the Raspberry Pi family of compact single-board computers.What type of OS is used in Raspberry Pi? ›
Raspberry Pi OS (formerly Raspbian) is a Unix-like operating system based on the Debian Linux distribution for the Raspberry Pi family of compact single-board computers.Which is better Raspberry Pi OS 32 bit or 64 bit? ›
There are two main benefits to choosing the 64-bit Raspberry Pi OS – higher performance and better compatibility with 64-bit-only programs.Which Raspberry Pi OS is most powerful? ›
Raspberry Pi 400 is your complete personal computer, built into a compact keyboard. Featuring a quad-core 64-bit processor, 4GB of RAM, wireless networking, dual-display output, and 4K video playback, as well as a 40-pin GPIO header, it's the most powerful and easy-to-use Raspberry Pi computer yet.Does Raspberry Pi 4 come with operating system? ›
As any experienced Raspberry Pi user can tell you, the popular single-board computer does not come with an OS preloaded. Unless you buy a third-party kit / card that comes with Raspberry Pi OS on it, you must download the operating system on a PC or Mac and write it to a microSD card or USB storage device for the Pi.Which os to choose for Raspberry Pi 4? ›
You can also install the Chromium Web browser on the Raspberry Pi with this version. Like Chrome OS, Chromium OS is a web-centric OS and uses very little local device space to carry out its tasks. This makes the lightweight OS particularly suited as a Raspberry Pi 4 OS.
- The Best Raspberry Pi Linux OS for Most Users - Raspberry Pi OS (Formerly Known as Raspbian) ...
- Best Raspberry Pi Linux OS for Server and Desktop Use - Ubuntu. ...
- Best-looking Raspberry Pi Linux OS - Elementary OS. ...
- Best Raspberry Pi Linux Distro for Ethical Hacking - Kali Linux.
Whether you should install a 32-bit or 64-bit application on your computer depends on your current setup. If you want your computer to be fast, you should probably choose a 64-bit processor. You can even use this processor if you're going to run 32-bit programs since most applications are backward compatible.Does 32-bit OS run faster on 64 bit processor? ›
A 64-bit processor system can run either a 32-bit or 64-bit version of an installed operating system (OS). The factor of performance in a 32-bit processor is less efficient than the 64-bit processor. It exhibits a higher performance than the 32-bit processor. The 64-bit programs and applications won't work.Why Raspberry Pi 4 is the best? ›
The Raspberry Pi 4 is the most powerful Pi yet. It packs cutting-edge features like USB-C power input, two video outputs that can each run an external 4K monitor, and a choice of RAM complements—a first for any Raspberry Pi.
The most powerful Raspberry Pi to date includes almost everything you could wish for, including up to 8GB RAM, a 1.5GHz Quad-core CPU, Gigabit Ethernet, and USB 3.0 ports. If you want a Raspberry Pi that can handle pretty much anything you can throw at it, then the Raspberry Pi 4 B is what you need.What is the fastest OS Raspberry? ›
DietPi is based on Debian Linux. It is also available for Odroid boards, Pine boards, and the ASUS Tinker Board in addition to the Raspberry Pi. Diet Pi is the fastest Raspberry Pi OS.Which OS is most successful? ›
Developed and maintained by Microsoft, Windows is the most widely used desktop operating system globally, accounting for nearly 72% market share for desktop and laptop computers. Since the early 90s, Windows has dominated the desktop market and continues to become a formidable force in the personal computing market.Can Raspberry Pi 4 run 64-bit OS? ›
Raspberry Pi 3 and Pi 4 owners can now install the 64-bit Raspberry Pi OS.Can Raspberry Pi 4 install Windows? ›
What if you wanted to run Windows on the Raspberry Pi? A cursory glance at Windows 11's system requirements show that it is simply too big to run on a Raspberry Pi. Incredibly, however, it can be done. Thanks to a tool called WoR-flasher, you can now install Windows 10 and 11 on a Raspberry Pi 4.What is the operating system for Raspberry Pi 2023? ›
Raspberry Pi OS 2023-05-23 is their first update in three months and most significant with today's release is now being powered by the Linux 6.1 LTS kernel rather than Linux 5.15 LTS as used previously. With the newer kernel comes new hardware driver support, performance optimizations, and other new kernel features.What is the most powerful OS? ›
As previously stated, Linux is today considered one of the most powerful and secure operating systems.Is Raspberry Pi 400 more powerful than Raspberry Pi 4? ›
The Raspberry Pi 4 has a quad-core Cortex-A72 processor running at 1.5GHz, while the Raspberry Pi 400 uses a quad-core Cortex-A35 processor running at 1.8GHz. The processor in the Raspberry Pi 4 is therefore faster and more powerful, making it better suited for tasks that require more processing power.Is there going to be a Raspberry Pi 5? ›
“Don't expect a Pi 5 next year,” said Eben Upton, CEO of Raspberry Pi in a December 2022 interview, referring to 2023. “Next year is a recovery year” he continued, so it looks like second half of 2023 and into 2024, is “when we can start to think about what might be a sensible Raspberry Pi 5 platform.”Which among the versions of Raspberry Pi has the biggest RAM? ›
The Raspberry Pi 2 has 1 GB of RAM. The Raspberry Pi 3 has 1 GB of RAM in the B and B+ models, and 512 MB of RAM in the A+ model. The Raspberry Pi Zero and Zero W have 512 MB of RAM. The Raspberry Pi 4 is available with 1, 2, 4 or 8 GB of RAM.